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REPOSTED FROM YESTERDAY, BECAUSE IT WAS LATE AND IT CONTAINS SOME STUFF NOT COMMONLY FOUND IN COMMENTARIES.
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Romans 3:9-31

No One is Righteous

The first nine verses are pretty easy to read. If you are not a Jew than you are a Gentile, thus Paul is referring to everyone in the world: MANKIND

Mankind is in rebellion as a group, and no one is righteous on their own. All have sinned.

WHAT ABOUT INDIVIDUALS

Not Job, Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, Rachel, Rahab, Daniel, Joshua, or any other OT character is righteous (holy, pure, without sin) on his/her own. The OT goes to great pains to point out at least once if not several times when the characters sin.

But wait! Are not some of these men called righteous in the OT. Yes, but just like Christians their righteousness is imputed to them based on their belief (Trust in God:faith) and His promise of a redeemer. God sees them as righteous because they are believers.

In the NT not Mary, Joseph, the apostles, Paul, etc. or any other character is righteous on his/her own - all have sinned. They are declared righteous (justified) because of their belief (trust in God: faith) that Christ paid the price for our sins.

All are rebels. The ones declared righteous are "rebels" who have gone to God in faith. The rest of mankind (non-believers) has always been and always will be REBELS (unrighteous), not understanding (foolish), turned away, deceitful, and warlike against God. They will remain so unless they TURN BACK, REPENT, AND BELIEVE.
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Pauls use of OT Scripture

Verses 10-17 cite different verses from Psalms, Eccles., and Isaiah. The words may not match up with the OT citations word for word in any one Bible. This used to bother me until:

I relaized most writers in NT used the Septuagint: the Koine Greek version of the Hebrew Bible written between 300 and 0 A.D in Alexandria, Egypt. The translated Greek may not match up with the ancient Hebrew translation in your OT.

In addition it seems some of the writers paraphrase the OT passages when writing in NT. This would be a problem, unless you acknowledge that all scripture is inspired by God (2 Tim 3:16). The men writing were endwelled (as all believers) are with the Holy Spirit. So - as long as the paraphrase conveys the same meaning as the original OT citation - there is no problem.

Wait a minute John, anybody can take different verses out of the Bible and string them together to say any point they are trying to make to an audience.

True. this happens all the time with non-believers who do not have God's help at understanding Scripture. It is also very dangerous for believers, and is something that should be avoided or prayed about a great deal before expressing the thought.

However, Paul and the other NT writers are being inspired by the Holy Spirit to write NT. If they string together verses from different books of OT, then we have to believe (trust in God) that the message is correct and that the passage IS what God is saying to us (believers).

Romans 4:1-12

Paul has laid out his teachings:

1) Gospel is the power of God for salvation for those who believe by faith (trust in God) the imputed righteousness received through Christ.

2)Gods anger has been and is now being shown against the deniers, good people, isolated people, and churchgoers.

3) It is not about circumcision, rituals, or the Law, it is about faith. The believer (justified) is righteous by faith.

4) No one is righteous (on their own) - not one. All Jew and Gentile are rebels whose nature is sin. God provides a solution through Christ, as none can earn salvation, so He could be just and justify. Man is justified by faith apart from the Law. One God for all people - Jew and Gentile - the solution is the same for both.
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Examples

Abraham - Before the Law or the instruction for circumcision was given, Abraham was justified (saved). On what basis?

4:3What does the Scripture say? "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness."

David - David knew and believed. Paul affirms that Psam 32:1-2 is describing God crediting righteousness apart from works.

Abraham is the key though. It is not about the Law or circumcision. His imputed righteousness came before the law or circumcision. From God's prophecy of Abraham being the father of many nations: Abraham is the spiritual father of those who believe that are uncircumcised (Gentiles). Abraham is also the father of the Jew - but not all - only those who believe.

4:12And he is also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.

"BUT WHO ALSO WALK IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE FAITH THAT OUR FATHER ABRAHAM HAD...."

1 Chronicles 24-26:11

Priests

"It was the family of Aaron that was the priestly line, and from this we have 24 divisions and each was to serve for 2 weeks. At the end of their 2 week service they would return home and minister from there. Remember that the Levites were spread out in 48 cities throughout the land of Israel so that no man was more than a days journey from one of these cities."

Singers

"Here we see David assemble the worship team and when it speaks of them prophesying with harps and-so-on, don't let that confuse you. They were not necessarily foretelling but forthtelling the things of God through their music. In I Corinthians 14:3 we read "But he who prophesies speaks edification and exhortation and comfort to men." Worship songs should minister to our hearts, they should build us up, they should encourage us, they should comfort us, as we focus back on the Lord..."

NOTE: The word "prophet" derives from the Greek word "to announce." A prophet of the LORD God spoke His words. The prophet spoke the words of God, not his own. He was a mouthpiece which God declared His message to men. Now prophecy has both a broad and a narrow meaning. The broad meaning can be defined as to "forth-tell", and the narrow meaning means to "fore-tell."A good way of understanding the general from the specific is to realize that forth-telling involves knowing the Will of God, and "fore-telling" contains insight into the future plans of God. Forth-telling challenges and exhorts men to accomplish the Will of God, fore-telling predicts the future and prepares the believer for the things to come.
http://iknowjesuslovesme.blogspot.com/2008/01/what-does-prophecy-in-scripture-mean.html

Gatekeepers

"The gatekeepers were responsible in keeping out those that did not belong in the temple area and to allow those who did belong in."

http://www.ccmanitowoc.org/Library/Guglielmo-Joe/Studies/TH/13-1CH/TH1055.HTM


the lord is so wonderful my favorite he will never leave us or forsake us thanks for your prayers yesterday yours in christ ellen rutledge

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