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Leviticus 16:29-18:30

I don’t have much to say about this particular passage that hasn’t been covered by either me or someone on the site; however, there is something very interesting that caught my eye, the Sabbath. When we were in Exodus we had a discussion on our designated day of rest, Saturday or Sunday, and should we adhere to the whatever day was the true Sabbath.

In verses 29 through 31 of chapter 16, the Sabbath is presented as a designated day and not an actual set day of the week. I’m not sure how many days the Jewish Religious and or Secular calendar has (Some Mid-Eastern Religious Calendars have 360 days), but my birthday is celebrated in the same month, November, and the same day, the 15th, however, the day of the week is never the same from year to year.

God gives Moses a command to celebrate the Day of Atonement on a set date in a specific month and He calls it a Sabbath day. That day then could fall on the first day of the week, the middle day or on the last day of the week from year to year.

"On the appointed day in early autumn, you must spend the day fasting and not do any work. This is a permanent law for you, and it applies to those who are Israelites by birth, as well as to the foreigners living among you. On this day, atonement will be made for you, and you will be cleansed from all your sins in the LORD's presence. It will be a Sabbath day of total rest, and you will spend the day in fasting. This is a permanent law for you. (Leviticus 16:29-31 NLT)

In the Message, it reads like this:

"This is standard practice for you, a perpetual ordinance. On the tenth day of the seventh month, both the citizen and the foreigner living with you are to enter into a solemn fast and refrain from all work, because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse you. In the presence of GOD you will be made clean of all your sins. It is a Sabbath of all Sabbaths. You must fast. It is a perpetual ordinance. (Leviticus 16:29-31 MSG)

Grace and peace,

The Bible clearly teaches that Jesus came to fulfill the LAW - the rules and regulations of Moses and the Old Testament. Those laws were only given to show what was to happen in the future when Jesus would come. His death,burial, and resurrection satisfied God's requirements for forgiveness and salvation.

"We" do not need to adhere to whatever day is or was the "true" Sabbath. Fasting days, feast days, sabbath days, sacrifices, etc. no longer apply to us, today. If and when you do, you are substituting the LAW for GRACE. Just as Jesus warned the religious leaders in his day of substituting their traditions for God's Word. Either we are UNDER THE LAW, or we are not. If we maintain the practices of the LAW, then Jesus' death was for nothing.

Now, having said that....if a person wishes to celebrate the feasts or participate in fasting (which is instructed for us to do in the New Testament), or even if they want to observe a "sabbath" as a respect or remembrance -- I see no harm as long as they do not feel REQUIRED to do so by "law".

There are several kinds of Sabbaths. The ones mentioned above are "rotating" days. However, in Exodus it clearly states that another Sabbath, the one usually referred to or "understood" is a specific day of the week:

Exodus 20:8-10King James Version (KJV) 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

The 7th day of the week is Saturday. Sunday is the 1st day of the week.

As previously stated, today, we are not held by the laws of the OT. The New Testament recognizes the resurrection of Christ on the first day of the week. Until His Resurrection, Jesus Christ and His disciples honored the seventh day as the Sabbath as they were trying to reach the Jews. Where would you find a congregation of Jews in Jesus' day? At the temple on the Sabbath.

After His Resurrection, Sunday was held sacred as the Lord’s day in remembrance of His Resurrection on that day (see Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2). From that time on, His followers observed the first day of the week as their Sabbath. In both cases there were six days of labor and one for rest and devotion.

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